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Sadaka Papers



Solidarity or Silence: Ireland's Reaction to Israel's Destruction of Gaza (Click now to download PDF)

Solidarity or Silence: Ireland's Reaction to Israel's Destruction of Gaza Overview:  Israel’s 52 day onslaught on the people of Gaza in Summer 2014 generated an unprecedented response from civil society across the globe. Ireland was no exception. This paper was originally published in Haq Al Awda Newspaper (produced by Palestinian NGO Badil), provides an overview of Ireland’s response to Israel’s barbaric attack on Gaza at both popular and political level.  (August 2014, PDF 312 kB. Click on cover to download the Paper)


The Economic Strangulation of the West Bank: The World Bank Report on "Area C". (Click now to download PDF)

The Economic Strangulation of the West Bank Overview:   For many years, Israel has imposed severe restrictions on Palestinian access to, and economic activity in, Area C in the West Bank.  In its report Area C and the Future of the Palestinian Economy (published in October 2013), the World Bank estimates that, if these restrictions were lifted, the total potential value to the Palestinian economy could amount to around $3.4 billion or about 35% of Palestinian GDP at 2011 levels.  The resulting increase in revenues for the Palestinian Authority could be as much as $0.8 billion, which would notionally cut its fiscal deficit by half, thereby significantly reducing its need for support by international donors.  (June 2014, PDF 747 kB. Click on cover to download the Paper)


Home Demolitions. (Click now to download PDF)

Home Demolitions Overview:   Home Demolitions  (July 2012, PDF 831 kB. Click on cover to download the Paper)


Palestine in Irish Politics

Palestine in Irish Politics: A History Overview:   Since the War of Independence, Ireland has engaged closely with the ‘Question of Palestine’, supporting the rights of the Palestinian people. While “anti-Semitism” had little support in Ireland, and the Irish independence movement embraced the Irish Jewish community, Zionism was opposed as a British imperial project in the Middle East. In the Bahrain Declaration in 1980, Ireland was the first state in the EEC to support the establishment of an independent State in Palestine, to recognise the PLO, and seek a settlement based on pre-1967 borders. The Bahrain Declaration laid the basis for the dramatic change in the European position, set out in the Venice Declaration of June 1980, which is still the basis of EU policy. A recent editorial in the New York Times described the Venice Declaration as defining “the contours of the only plausible agreement between Israel and the Palestinians”. The position of the Irish state on Palestine has been one of the most progressive in the western world, and has been consistent since first set down by de Valera in the 1930s.  (July 2011, PDF 514 kB. Click on cover to download the Paper)


The Goldstone Report does not need correction (Click now to download PDF)

The Goldstone Report does not need correction Overview:   Judge Goldstone, who headed the UN investigation into Israel’s military assault on Gaza in December 2008/January 2009, has implied that the investigation’s report needs substantial correction because new information has come to light. Professor Christine Chinkin, Hina Jilani and Colonel Desmond Travers, who worked with him on the investigation and co-wrote its report, do not share his view. In fact, he questioned the report’s conclusions about only one out of the thirty-six incidents investigated.  (April 2011, PDF 523 kB. Click on cover to download the Paper)


Jerusalem Past and Present (Click now to download PDF)

Jerusalem Past and Present Overview:   Jerusalem has become both symbol and victim of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The ruthless effort of Israeli expansionism to sweep away over one thousand years of history in the city itself and its surrounding land, threatens any prospect of peace with the Palestinians, or acceptance by the wider world.  (March 2011, PDF 1.45 MB. Click on cover to download the Paper)


The European Union’s Blind Eye

The European Union’s Blind Eye Overview:   This paper demonstrates how the EU has constantly turned a blind eye to Israel’s failure to fulfil its obligations in agreements with the EU. Under the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership, for example, Israel is required to "respect the territorial integrity and unity" of its partners - it has failed to do so in respect of Lebanon and Syria, some of whose territory it occupies. Under the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership, it is also required to “act in accordance with the United Nations Charter” – it has failed to do so, since it is in breach of more UN Security Council resolutions than any other state in the world.  (Mar 2011, PDF 500 kB. Click on cover to download the Paper)


Unless US and EU put pressure on Israel to end the occupation, negotiations are futile (Click now to download PDF)

Unless US and EU put pressure on Israel to end the occupation, negotiations are futile Overview:   In June 1967, Israel took over the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, and Gaza by force, contrary to Article 2.4 of the UN Charter. For many years, the accepted wisdom has been that for a settlement to be achieved there must be negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians. But why should Israel be allowed to negotiate about how much, if any, of the territory it acquired by force 43 years ago to give up, and when to give it up? Should the international community not simply insist that Israel end its military occupation of territory acquired by force, as it did when Iraq took over Kuwait by force in August 1990?  (Mar 2011, PDF 500 kB. Click on cover to download the Paper)


The elephant in the room: Israel’s nuclear weapons (Click to download PDF)

The elephant in the room: Israel’s nuclear weapons Overview:   Nearly 30 years ago, the UN Security Council demanded unanimously that Israel open its secret nuclear facilities to inspection by the International Atomic Energy Authority (IAEA). It has yet to do so. The Security Council has taken no action to enforce this demand, despite the fact that Israel possesses an arsenal of nuclear weapons and a variety of means of delivering them to targets across the Middle East and further afield. This unwillingness to apply sanctions against Israel to compel it to open its nuclear facilities to IAEA oversight contrasts starkly with the action being taken against Iran because of its nuclear activities, even though Iran’s nuclear facilities are subject to IAEA inspection, unlike Israel’s.  (Oct 2010, PDF 682 kB. Click on cover to download the Paper)


Maria Khoury Letters

Maria Khoury Letters Overview:   A series of letters and messages for 2010 from Maria Khoury reflecting the viewpoint of a Christian woman living her life under under occupation.  (Sept 2010, PDF 3.5MB. Click on cover to download the Paper)


GAZA: History, Siege, Consequences

GAZA: Its History, Siege and Consequences Overview:   Gaza has experienced some of the harshest effects of zionist colonialism since the foundation of the state of Israel. The pattern of repression used against its people shows in microcosm the methods which Israel may try to use to ethnically cleanse the rest of Palestine.  (July 2010, PDF 1.8MB. Click on cover to download the Paper)


Christian Zionism

Christian Zionism Overview:   Christian Zionism is predominantly a political movement within Protestant fundamentalist Christianity that views the modern state of Israel as somehow the fulfilment of biblical prophecies. Christian Zionists argue that Christians must therefore give the State of Israel unconditional support. Christian Zionism is an important underlying factor in the strength of the pro-Israeli lobby especially in the US. Christian Zionism shows total disregard for the indigenous Christian churches in Palestine – Israel. The heads of Churches in Jerusalem assert that Christian Zionists have aggressively imposed an aberrant expression of the Christian faith and an erroneous interpretation of the Bible.  (June 2010, PDF 896kB. Click on cover to download the Paper)


OECD approving Israeli illegality

OECD Approving Israeli illegality Overview:    (May 2010, PDF 989kB. Click on cover to download the Paper)


Tiff or Tipping Point: US / Israel Relations Overview:   Is the US beginning to realise that its alliance with Israel is not in the US national security interest, while Israel remains in conflict with Palestinians and its Arab neighbours? That was the message from General David Petraeus, head of US Central Command, in evidence to the Senate Armed Services Committee on 16 March. Does this herald a sea change in US relations with Israel?  (April 2010, PDF 271kB. Click on cover to download the Paper)


The Israel - Hamas Ceasefire

The Israel - Hamas Ceasefire Overview:   Operation Cast Lead, Israel’s military assault on Gaza which began on 27 December 2008, cost the lives of more than 1,400 Palestinians, including over 400 women and children. 13 Israelis, including 3 civilians, also died. None of this carnage was necessary in order to protect Israeli citizens from rocket and mortar fire out of Gaza, as Israel claimed in justification for its action. This problem had been solved by the ceasefire arrangements Israel made with Hamas, as a result of which Hamas fired no rockets or mortars out of Gaza from 19 Jun 2008 until 4 November 2008 – when Israel broke the ceasefire.  (March 2010, PDF 1.9MB. Click on cover to download the Paper)


Gaza: Israel’s obligations Overview:   Israel’s obligations to the people of Gaza under the 4th Geneva Convention and the Agreement on Movement and Access: This Agreement, which Israel signed in November 2005, set out arrangements that were to operate for the passage of people and goods in and out of Gaza, in the wake of Israel’s "disengagement". The arrangements included continuous opening of the crossings between Israel and Gaza, bus and truck convoys between Gaza and the West Bank and a functioning airport and seaport in Gaza.  (Mar 2010, PDF 1.1MB. Click on cover to download the Paper)


Is a "two-state solution" still possible? Overview:   A review of developments in the Middle East Peace Process (MEPP) since President Obama’s inauguration in January 2009 (or rather the lack of them) and discusses the issues at stake in the process – borders, Jerusalem, refugees, settlements. It casts doubt upon Israel’s willingness to permit the creation of a viable Palestinian state, and argues that, if Palestinians in the Occupied Territories continue to be ruled by Israel as they have been for over 40 years, then they will have to be granted a vote in elections to the Knesset – otherwise Israel cannot claim to be a democracy.  (Dec 2009, PDF 5.4MB. Click on cover to download the Paper)


 

 

 

 

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